The History of RSPCA Assured

RSPCA Assured has been helping improve the lives of farm animals for more than a quarter of a century. In that time, we’ve worked with 1000s of UK farmers and many of the UK’s biggest food retailers. Here we look back over some of the most significant events and developments of the first twenty-five years. 

Setting the scene

Sometime in the early 90s, the RSPCA’s Head of Farm Animals, Alastair Mews and the RSPCA’s Depty Chief Vet, Dr Mike Backster began talking about the possibility of an ethical food label. The idea would be to let customers identify products that came from higher welfare farms. It would be an opportunity for customer demand to lead the farming markets by offering the chance to directly support farmers who wanted to go the extra mile for animal welfare. 

Over the next few years, the RSPCA conducted surveys to gauge public opinion and to see whether higher welfare products were viable. 

At the same time, they spoke to farmers across the UK to see if there was sufficient interest in an assurance scheme. 

Should the RSPCA get involved in animal agriculture?

This was a difficult question for us to answer. As an animal welfare charity should we be working with the meat industry to raise standards?

Eventually, it was agreed that it was more beneficial to the animals already being farmed for us to work on improving welfare standards.

The RSPCA welfare standards

The RSPCA’s welfare standards are not set in stone. Rather they are constantly evolving based on the latest scientific research, veterinary advice and industry experience. If you'd like to find out more about how our standards are formed and updated

Freedom Food was set up as a separate limited company with charitable status that would be owned by the RSPCA. The name, Freedom Food came from the Farm Animal Welfare Committee’s (FAWC) Five Freedoms which formed the basis of our welfare standards and continue to do so to this day (though to a lesser extent now). 

The launch of Freedom Food marked an important milestone since it was the first assurance scheme to be focused on farm animal welfare. It was also the first to introduce requirements for veterinary health and welfare plans. 

At this point, there were no formulated standards for assessing farms and the only species we had on the scheme were laying hens and pigs. Assessments were carried out by our solitary assessor who would go and have a look to make sure everything on the farm was looking OK. 

It seems strange now, to look back and think that RSPCA Assured was initially run by just four people: an assessor, a chief executive, a manager and a secretary.

Luckily, the scheme was quickly adopted by big retailers like Co-op and Tesco and producers like Bowes of Norfolk (pigs) and Deans Foods (eggs). These were our first formal engagements with the farming industry and they got the scheme off to a great start.


Freedom Food was launched.


Welfare standards were developed for sheep and dairy cows. These included provisions for environmental enrichment objects such as brushes, so the cows can groom and scratch themselves.



Welfare standards were developed for meat chickens and turkeys. These included provisions ensure more space and enrichment activities.


Welfare standards were developed for ducks. 


Welfare standards for salmon were developed ensuring greater space allowance and regulating the way the fish needed to be handled. The same year, we also welcomed Loch Duart onboard as our first salmon member.


In just ten years, we had grown to include 1,700 members. We also had seven full-time RSPCA Assured assessors and one contract assessor.


Another important milestone, the provision of natural light became mandatory for meat chickens along with the requirement for members to only use higher welfare slower-growing broilers on RSPCA Assured farms. 

Thanks to Jamie Oliver and Hugh Fearnley Whittingstall as part of their Fowl Dinners and Chicken Out! campaigns, support for RSPCA Assured grew.

Welfare Outcome Assessments, starting with laying hens, were introduced. This meant the RSPCA Assured assessors began to record or collect information on key welfare outcomes such as rate of feather loss, lameness and tail biting.


It become a mandatory requirement for CCTV in abattoirs to monitor activity during the slaughter process for all RSPCA Assured members.


The organisers of the London 2012 Olympics pledged to use a 20 per cent RSPCA Assured chicken and pork during the games.

Sainsbury’s began to offer 100% RSPCA Assured cage-free eggs across their own label products.


McDonald’s UK switched to only using 100% RSPCA Assured pork.

Welfare standards were developed for veal calves. These include that the animals be kept in close contact with each other so they can see and touch other calves.


After twenty years, it was time for a new look and a new name. While we had gained significant recognition as Freedom Food, research showed that the RSPCA name was much better known to the public.

Sainsbury’s began offering all RSPCA Assured turkey and chicken across their own range of products.

Welfare standards were developed for rainbow trout. Much like salmon, these included provisions for more space and regulations around how the animals were to be handled.

Farrowing crates were banned on all RSPCA Assured farms.

The advisory boards of external consultants which formulated our welfare standards were consolidated to form Standards Technical Advisory Groups (or STAGS for short).


The first nationally available RSPCA Assured labelled milk went on sale in M&S.


Co-op began sourcing 100% of its own brand pork products from RSPCA Assured providers.

Joining the Reducetarian movement, RSPCA Assured launched its Eat Less Eat Better campaign. We wanted to encourage people to eat less meat, fish, eggs and dairy from low welfare farms and to always buy higher welfare products.


We turned twenty-five and celebrated a quarter of a century of improving the lives of farm animals.

Sainsbury’s offers all RSPCA Assured across their entire range of own pork products.

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