One of the key issues for beef cattle is housing.
Beef cattle often need to be kept indoors during the winter months, when the weather may be bad and their diet largely consists of conserved feeds such as hay, straw or silage due to little or no pasture growth during the winter.
However, being kept indoors can lead to respiratory problems if the ventilation inside the buildings is bad, this is particularly an issue in young cattle.
This is why good housing construction and management is necessary to avoid any potential welfare problems in beef cattle. Other issues which can cause poor welfare are lack of adequate space and bedding, slatted flooring with no bedding, and poor handling systems.